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Joseph martinez
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Capital of the philippines

Postby Arasho В» 16.04.2020


It is the most densely populated city proper in the world as of Manila was the seat of power for most of the country's colonial rulers. It is home to many historic sites, some of which were built during the 16th century.

Manila has many of the Philippines' firsts, including the first university , [16] light station , lighthouse tower , water system , hotel , electricity , oceanarium , [17] stock exchange , flyover s , zoo , pedestrian underpass , [18] science high school , [19] city-run university , city-run hospital , and rapid transit system ; also considered as the first rapid transit system in Southeast Asia. The term "Manila" is commonly used to refer to the whole metropolitan area, the greater metropolitan area or the city proper.

The officially defined metropolitan area called Metro Manila , the capital region of the Philippines, includes the much larger Quezon City and the Makati Central Business District. It is the most populous region of the country, one of the most populous urban areas in the world, [21] and is one of the wealthiest regions in Southeast Asia.

With 71, people per square kilometer, Manila is also the most densely populated city proper in the world. The city is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay.

The Pasig River flows through the middle of the city, dividing it into the north and south sections. In , the Globalization and World Cities Research Network listed Manila as an "Alpha-" global city [23] , in the same year, Manila is ranked seventh in economic performance globally and second regionally the latter situation being behind Delhi , India [24] while the Global Financial Centres Index ranks Manila rd in the world.

An antiquarian and inaccurate etymology asserts the origin of the city's name as may-nilad "where nilad is found". The earliest evidence of human life around present-day Manila is the nearby Angono Petroglyphs , dated to around BC. Negritos , the aboriginal inhabitants of the Philippines, lived across the island of Luzon , where Manila is located, before the Malayo-Polynesians migrated in and assimilated them.

Manila was an active trade partner with the Song and Yuan dynasties. The Tondo district was the traditional capital of the empire, and its rulers were sovereign kings, not mere chieftains.

In the 13th century, Manila consisted of a fortified settlement and trading quarter on the shore of the Pasig River. It was then settled by the Indianized empire of Majapahit , as recorded in the epic eulogy poem " Nagarakretagama ", which described the area's conquest by Maharaja Hayam Wuruk.

Selurong Manila together with Sulot Sulu was able to regain independence afterwards and Sulu even attacked and looted the Majapahit province of Po-ni Brunei in retribution. During the reign of the Arab Emir, Sharif Ali 's descendant, Sultan Bolkiah , from to , the Sultanate of Brunei which had seceded from Hindu Majapahit and became a Muslim, had invaded the area. The rajahnate was ruled under and gave yearly tribute to the Sultanate of Brunei as a satellite state.

He established a trading challenge to the already rich House of Lakan Dula in Tondo. Islam was further strengthened by the arrival of Muslim traders from the Middle East and Southeast Asia. He took advantage of a Tondo vs Manila territorial conflict to justify expelling or converting Bruneian Muslim colonists who supported their Manila vassals while his Mexican grandson Juan de Salcedo had a romance with a princess of Tondo, Kandarapa.

The victorious Spaniards made Manila, the capital of the Spanish East Indies and of the Philippines, which their empire would control for the next three centuries. In , Manila was temporarily besieged by the Chinese pirate Lim Hong , who was ultimately thwarted by the local inhabitants. Upon Spanish settlement, Manila was immediately made, by papal decree, a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Mexico. This image was interpreted to be of Marian nature, and it was found during the Miguel de Legazpi expedition and eventually a Mexican hermit built a chapel around that image.

Silver that was mined in Mexico and Peru was exchanged for Chinese silk , Indian gems and the spices of Indonesia and Malaysia. An unknown number of Indian soldiers known as sepoys , who came with the British, deserted and settled in nearby Cainta, Rizal , which explains the uniquely Indian features of generations of Cainta residents.

The Chinese were then punished for supporting the British invasion, and the fortress city of Intramuros , initially populated by Spanish families and garrisoned by Spanish troops, [51] kept its cannons pointed at Binondo , the world's oldest Chinatown.

The Philippines hosts the only Latin American-established districts in Asia. The rise of Spanish Manila marked the first time in world history where all hemispheres and continents were interconnected in a worldwide trade network. There are Castilians from all provinces.

There is an African Moor with his turban here. Among all these people are the Chinese whose numbers here are untold and who outnumber everyone else. From China there are peoples so different from each other, and from provinces as distant, as Italy is from Spain. Finally, of the mestizos , the mixed-race people here, I cannot even write because in Manila there is no limit to combinations of peoples with peoples.

This is in the city where all the buzz is. After Mexico gained independence in , Spain began to govern Manila directly. The city's growing wealth and education attracted indigenous peoples, Negritos, Malays, Africans, Chinese, Indians, Arabs, Europeans, Latinos and Papuans from the surrounding provinces [62] and facilitated the rise of an ilustrado class that espoused liberal ideas: the ideological foundations of the Philippine Revolution , which sought independence from Spain.

A revolt by Andres Novales was inspired by the Latin American wars of independence. Following the Cavite Mutiny and the Propaganda Movement , the Philippine revolution eventually erupted, Manila was among the first eight provinces to rebel and thus their role was immortalized in the Philippine Flag where Manila was marked as one of the eight rays of the symbolic sun.

The First Philippine Republic , based in nearby Bulacan , fought against the Americans for control of the city. Upon drafting a new charter for Manila in June , the Americans made official what had long been tacit: that the city of Manila consisted not of Intramuros alone but also of the surrounding areas. Later, two more would be added: Balut and San Andres. The planned buildings included a government center occupying all of Wallace Field, which extends from Rizal Park to the present Taft Avenue.

The Philippine Capitol was to rise at the Taft Avenue end of the field, facing toward the sea. Of Burnham's proposed government center, only three units—the Legislative Building and the buildings of the Finance and Agricultural Departments—were completed when World War II erupted.

During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines , American soldiers were ordered to withdraw from Manila, and all military installations were removed on December 24, General Douglas MacArthur declared Manila an open city to prevent further death and destruction, but Japanese warplanes continued to bomb it. Manila was occupied by Japanese forces on January 2, Some , civilians were killed in February.

It was the second most devastated city in the world, after Warsaw , during the Second World War. Almost all of the structures in the city, particularly in Intramuros, were destroyed. It was after the many times when Manila was once again destroyed by war, when the city earned the moniker "The City of Our Affections". This nickname was given by National Artist and writer Nick Joaquin , in reference to the spirit of resilience the city has had in the face of the constant wars that have razed it and also in repeatedly surviving and rebuilding despite being the second-most natural disaster prone city in the world.

In , President Elpidio Quirino moved the seat of government of the Philippines to Quezon City , a new capital in the suburbs and fields northeast of Manila, created in during the administration of President Manuel L. With the Visayan-born Arsenio Lacson as its first elected mayor in all mayors were appointed before this , Manila underwent The Golden Age , [74] once again earning its status as the "Pearl of the Orient", a moniker it earned before the Second World War.

After Lacson's term in the s, Manila was led by Antonio Villegas for most of the s. Mayors Lacson, Villegas, and Bagatsing are collectively known as the "Big Three of Manila" for their contribution to the development of the city and their lasting legacy in improving the quality of life and welfare of the people of Manila.

During the administration of Ferdinand Marcos , the region of Metro Manila was created as an integrated unit with the enactment of Presidential Decree No. The area encompassed four cities and thirteen adjoining towns , as a separate regional unit of government. Presidential Decree No. She started the rejuvenation of the city as she re-branded Manila as the " City of Man ". During the martial law era , Manila became a hot-bed of resistance activity as youth and student demonstrators repeatedly clashed with the police and military which were subservient to the Marcos regime.

After decades of resistance, the non-violent People Power Revolution predecessor to the peaceful-revolutions that toppled the iron-curtain in Europe , led by Maria Corazon Aquino and Cardinal Jaime Sin , ousted the dictator Marcos from power. From —, Mel Lopez was mayor of Manila. During his early years, his administration was faced with million pesos worth of debt and inherited an empty treasury.

Lopez closed down numerous illegal gambling joints and jueteng. In January , Lopez padlocked two Manila casinos operated by the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation PAGCOR , saying the billions it gained cannot make up for the negative effects gambling inflicts upon the people, particularly the youth. In , Alfredo Lim was elected mayor, the first Chinese-Filipino to hold the office. He was known for his anti-crime crusades.

Lim was succeeded by Lito Atienza , who served as his vice mayor. Atienza was known for his campaign and city slogan " Buhayin ang Maynila " Revive Manila , which saw the establishment of several parks and the repair and rehabilitation of the city's deteriorating facilities.

He was the city's mayor for 3 terms 9 years before being termed out of office. Lim once again ran for mayor and defeated Atienza's son Ali in the city election and immediately reversed all of Atienza's projects [79] claiming Atienza's projects made little contribution to the improvements of the city. The relationship of both parties turned bitter, with the two pitting again during the city elections in which Lim won against Atienza.

Lim was sued by councilor Dennis Alcoreza on over human rights , [80] charged with graft over the rehabilitation of public schools, [81] and was heavily criticized for his haphazard resolution of the Rizal Park hostage taking incident , one of the deadliest hostage crisis in the Philippines. Later on, Vice Mayor Isko Moreno and 28 city councilors filed another case against Lim in , stating that Lim's statement in a meeting were "life-threatening" to them.

In , the National Historical Commission of the Philippines erected a 'comfort woman' statue along Roxas Boulevard , which made Japan express regret that such statue was erected in the city despite the healthy relationship between Japan and the Philippines.

In the elections , former President Joseph Estrada defeated Lim in the mayoral race. In , in line with President Noynoy Aquino 's administration progress, the city became the most competitive city in the Philippines, making the city the best place for doing business and for living in. In the elections , Estrada narrowly won over Lim in their electoral rematch. Among such sites are the post-war Santa Cruz Building, Capitol Theater, El Hogar, old Magnolia Ice Cream Plant, and Rizal Memorial Stadium, among many others [88] [89] [90] Some of these sites were saved upon the intervention of various cultural agencies of government and heritage advocate groups against Estrada's orders.

Estrada, who was seeking for reelection for his third and final term lost to Isko Moreno in the local elections. Estrada's defeat was seen as the end of their reign as a political clan, whose other family members run for various national and local positions. The city has an ordinance penalizing cat-calling since , and is the second city in the Philippines to do so after Quezon City passed a similar ordinance in Under the proposed form of federalism in the Philippines , Manila may no longer be the capital or Metro Manila may no longer be the seat of government.

The committee has not yet decided on the federal capital and states that they are open to other proposals. On March 12, , President Rodrigo Duterte placed the city and the entire metropolitan Manila under a community quarantine for one month starting March 15 due to the coronavirus pandemic. Almost all of Manila sits on top of centuries of prehistoric alluvial deposits built by the waters of the Pasig River and on some land reclaimed from Manila Bay.

Manila's land has been altered substantially by human intervention, with considerable land reclamation along the waterfronts since the American colonial times.

Some of the city's natural variations in topography have been evened out. As of [update] , Manila had a total area of Once completed, it will increase the city's total area from Another reclamation project is possible and when built, it will contain the in-city housing relocation projects.

Together with the rest of the Philippines, Manila lies entirely within the tropics. Temperature extremes have ranged from

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Re: capital of the philippines

Postby Mauzahn В» 16.04.2020

During this period until the s, new communities were opened go here relocation. Whenever the country hosts the Southeast Asian Gamesmost of the events are held at the complex, but drone base the Gamesmost events were held elsewhere. Ethnologue lists individual languages in the Philippines, of which are living languages, while source no longer have any known speakers. Around 1, land vertebrate species can be found in the Philippines including over mammal species and bird species not thought to exist elsewhere.

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Re: capital of the philippines

Postby Mule В» 16.04.2020

Manila National Capital Region. The climate of the Philippines is tropical and strongly monsoonal i. It usually starts with men and women acting a scene about "How rural townsfolk mingle". He was known for his anti-crime crusades.

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Re: capital of the philippines

Postby Gonos В» 16.04.2020

Philippine Star. Reorganized the capital and seat of government by incorporating. February 5, PhilStar Global. The president is elected by popular vote for a single six-year term, during which he or she appoints and presides over the cabinet.

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Re: capital of the philippines

Postby Malkree В» 16.04.2020

In Bob Dye ed. Congress previously held office at the Old Congress Building. Adjacent to the heavily populated districts on the northern shore is Manila North Harbor; Manila South Harbor, the link international port, is on the southern shore.

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Re: capital of the philippines

Postby Voodoojind В» 16.04.2020

It is situated on one of the finest sheltered harbours of the Pacific region, about miles 1, km southeast of Hong Kong. The area encompassed four cities and thirteen adjoining townsas a separate regional unit of government. For the and our team's please click for source, shipping of orders will commence philippines soon as ECQ has been lifted. Some of the city's capital variations in topography have been evened out.

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